St. Jude Medical S.C., Inc., a Minnesota corporation, Plaintiff,
Annette Cormier, an individual, Defendant.
Gregg H. Metzger, Esq., and
James A. Gale, Esq., Feldman Gale, PA; and Thomas J. Conley, Esq., Law Office of
Thomas J. Conley, counsel for Plaintiff.
Julian C. Zebot, Esq.,
William Z. Pentelovitch, Esq., and Wayne S. Moskowitz, Esq., Maslon Edelman
Borman & Brand, LLP, counsel for Defendant.
CORRECTED MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
DONOVAN W. FRANK, District Judge.
The Court issues this corrected Memorandum Opinion and Order. The Court notes that a correction was made to the final sentence of the paragraph that begins on page 12 and ends on page 13. Specifically, the Court changed that sentence so as to indicate that St. Jude had a full and fair opportunity to litigate the matter in the Florida Arbitration.
This matter is before the Court on a Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings brought by Defendant Annette Cormier ("Defendant") (Doc. No. 9). For the reasons set forth below, the Court grants the motion.
Defendant was formerly employed at-will by St. Jude Medical S.C. ("St. Jude") as a cardiac rhythm management ("CRM") technical services specialist. (Doc. No. 1, Compl. §§ 15, 18, Ex. B § 2.2.) At the time, Defendant's husband, Joe Cormier, was a St. Jude CRM sales representative. (Compl. § 11.) Joe Cormier had a term-of-years employment agreement with St. Jude that expired in October 2011. ( Id. § 41.) Defendant helped her husband with servicing his assigned accounts (such as hospitals and physicians) in the Miami area. ( Id. §§ 13, 18.)
In February 2009, Defendant resigned from St. Jude and became employed by Medtronic as a sales representative. ( Id. § 38.) In February 2010, St. Jude sued Medtronic in Florida state court (the "Florida Action"). ( Id. § 44.) St. Jude alleged that Medtronic tortiously interfered with the relationship between St. Jude and Joe Cormier and, specifically, that Medtronic's employment of Defendant was part of a scheme in which Joe Cormier diverted business from his St. Jude accounts to Defendant and other Medtronic employees. ( Id. ; Doc. No. 20, Moskowitz Aff. § 2, Ex. A §§ 15-18.) St. Jude and Medtronic agreed to arbitrate the dispute and stay the Florida Action (the "Florida Arbitration"). (Compl. § 45.) The relevant arbitration agreement between St. Jude and Medtronic provided in part:
Directly related claims and/or parties may be added in the Florida Arbitration, subject to the discretion of the arbitrator(s) and/or the Florida Court, in which event those claims shall also be considered "Claims" for purposes of this Agreement. In particular, but without limitation, either party may seek to add Joe Cormier, Annette Cormier, and/or Mikel Mancini as a party to the Florida Arbitration. It is understood and agreed that any parties added to the Florida Arbitration shall not be parties to this Agreement and may only participate in the Florida Arbitration if they explicitly agree in writing to participate in the Florida Arbitration with the arbitrator(s) selected by St. Jude and Medtronic and subject to the terms set by this Agreement.... Nothing herein contained shall be construed to preclude St. Jude from proceeding against Joe Cormier, Annette Cormier, and/or Mikel Mancini in relation to the Claims in, by and through any other action or proceeding (with or without their consent), and, in the event St. Jude does so proceed against Joe Cormier, Annette Cormier and/or Mikel Mancini in, by and through some other action or proceeding, the Florida Arbitration between St. Jude and Medtronic shall not be delayed, interrupted, impaired or otherwise affected in any way.
(Moskowitz Aff. § 2, Ex. B § 8.)
In the Florida Arbitration, St. Jude alleged that Medtronic wanted to hire Joe Cormier, but could not because he had an employment agreement with St. Jude. (Moskowitz Aff. § 2, Ex. D ("Arbitration Demand") § 17.) According to St. Jude, Medtronic therefore hired Defendant to induce Joe Cormier to divert St. Jude business from Joe Cormier's accounts to Medtronic while he remained employed by St. Jude. ( Id. §§ 17-22.) St. Jude alleged that Joe Cormier had control over the accounts, and that Medtronic's employment of Defendant was part of a scheme to divert accounts from St. Jude to Medtronic. ( Id. §§ 12, 20-22.) St. Jude also alleged that Defendant marketed Medtronic's CRM devices to his St. Jude accounts during an applicable one-year non-compete, and that Joe Cormier encouraged his accounts to purchase Medtronic products. ( Id. §§ 20-24.) Based on these factual allegations, St. Jude asserted the following claims against Medtronic: (1) tortious interference with its business relationship with Joe Cormier; (2) tortious interference with its employment contract with Joe Cormier; (3) tortious interference with its business relationship with Joe Cormier's accounts; and (4) unfair competition. ( Id. §§ 28-48.)
With respect to each claim, St. Jude alleged that Medtronic was liable for Defendant's conduct because Defendant was acting on behalf of Medtronic as its employee and agent. ( Id. §§ 18, 22, 28, 33, 38, 43.) Specifically, St. Jude alleged that Medtronic induced Joe Cormier to divert business to Medtronic "through [Defendant] as a Medtronic employee" and that Defendant "on behalf of and for the benefit of Medtronic" acted in concert with and induced Joe Cormier to breach his contractual and common law duties to St. Jude. ( Id. §§ 18, 22.) St. Jude also specifically alleged that Medtronic committed each alleged tort "by and through [Defendant and other employees] acting within the course and scope of their employment with Medtronic." ( Id. § 22.)
The Florida Arbitration lasted approximately two years. (Compl. §§ 45, 51.) The arbitration panel was made up of three arbitrators, each a jurist from either California or Minnesota. ( Id. § 46.) The parties were able to conduct discovery. (Moskowitz Aff. § 2, Ex. B § 4.) Both Defendant and Joe Cormier were deposed. The arbitration panel conducted a trial from January 4 through January 20, 2012. (Compl. § 52, Ex. C ("Final Award") at 1.) On July 3, 2012, a Final Award was issued, wherein the arbitration panel ruled in St. Jude's favor on Counts I and II, on the theory that Medtronic had hired Defendant knowing that Joe Cormier would stop working diligently to sell St. Jude products. (Final Award at ...