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Security State Bank of Hibbing v. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

United States District Court, Eighth Circuit

September 30, 2013

Security State Bank of Hibbing, Plaintiff,
v.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, as Receiver for First Commercial Bank, and Republic Bank & Trust Company, Defendants.

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

PAUL A. MAGNUSON, District Judge.

This matter is before the Court on Defendant Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation's Motion to Dismiss, and Defendant Republic Bank & Trust Company's Motion for Summary Judgment. For the reasons that follow, the FDIC's Motion is granted in part and denied in part, and Republic's Motion is granted.

BACKGROUND

In June 2006, Plaintiff Security State Bank of Hibbing entered into a Loan Participation Agreement with a bank in Bloomington called First Commercial Bank. This Loan Participation Agreement gave Security State Bank a 47.94% "participation" interest in a $1 million loan from First Commercial to a man named Thomas Mohr. The loan was secured by three condominiums and a vacant lot on Summit Avenue in St. Paul.

Mohr defaulted on the underlying loan and First Commercial foreclosed on the properties. In May 2012, First Commercial sold one of the condo units for more than $680, 000, and distributed slightly more than $82, 000 of those proceeds to Security State Bank. Security State Bank was unhappy about this, because it believed that it was entitled to 47% of the net proceeds of the sale, or more than $326, 000. First Commercial refused to pay any additional money to Security State Bank.

On September 7, 2012, the Minnesota Department of Revenue closed First Commercial. The FDIC became First Commercial's receiver, and on the same day, the FDIC and Defendant Republic Bank & Trust Company entered into a Purchase and Assumption Agreement for Republic's purchase of some of the assets and liabilities of First Commercial. Security State Bank thereafter filed suit in state court against Republic, contending that Republic had assumed the Loan Participation Agreement and the liability of First Commercial for the pre-receivership breach of that Agreement. The state court ultimately dismissed the case for lack of jurisdiction, because Security State Bank had not filed a claim with the FDIC as required under the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery and Enforcement Act ("FIRREA"), codified in relevant part at 12 U.S.C. § 1821. Security State Bank filed that claim in December 2012, and the FDIC denied the claim in April 2013. This lawsuit followed.

DISCUSSION

A. FDIC's Motion

The FDIC contends that this case must be dismissed on jurisdictional grounds, because Security State Bank's proof of claim was allegedly insufficient to allow the FDIC to consider the claims raised in this case. Failing that, the FDIC contends that Security State Bank's claims fail to state a claim on which relief can be granted as to the FDIC.

1. Standard of Review

The FDIC asks the Court to dismiss the Complaint for lack of subject matter jurisdiction under Rule 12(b)(1). Because the FDIC questions the Court's jurisdiction, the Court is "free to weigh the evidence and satisfy itself as to the existence of its power to hear the case." Osborn v. United States , 918 F.2d 724, 730 (8th Cir. 1990) (quoting Mortensen v. First Fed. Sav. & Loan Ass'n , 549 F.2d 884, 891 (3d Cir. 1977)). "In short, no presumptive truthfulness attaches to the plaintiff's allegations, and the existence of disputed material facts will not preclude the trial court from evaluating for itself the merits of jurisdictional claims." Id

When evaluating a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), on the other hand, the Court assumes the facts in the Complaint to be true and construes all reasonable inferences from those facts in the light most favorable to Plaintiff. Morton v. Becker , 793 F.2d 185, 187 (8th Cir. 1986). However, the Court need not accept as true wholly conclusory allegations, Hanten v. Sch. Dist. of Riverview Gardens , 183 F.3d 799, 805 (8th Cir. 1999), or legal conclusions Plaintiffs draw from the facts pled. Westcott v. City of Omaha , 901 F.2d 1486, 1488 (8th Cir. 1990). To survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly , 550 U.S. 544, 545 (2007).

When considering a motion to dismiss, the Court ordinarily does not consider matters outside the pleadings. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(d). The Court may, however, consider exhibits attached to the complaint and documents that are necessarily embraced by the pleadings, Mattes v. ABC Plastics, Inc. , 323 F.3d 695, 697 n.4 (8th Cir. 2003), and may also consider public records. Levy v. Ohl , 477 F.3d 988, 991 (8th Cir. 2007).

2. Jurisdiction

FIRREA requires that persons or entities with claims against a failed bank must submit those claims to the FDIC for review before bringing any litigation on those claims. 12 U.S.C. § 1821(d). Failure to submit claims to the FDIC for review deprives the federal courts of subject matter jurisdiction over those claims. RTC Mortg. Trust 1994- N2 v. Haith , 133 F.3d 574, 578 (8th Cir. 1998); see also 12 U.S.C. § 1821(d)(13)(D) (stating ...


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