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United States v. Nelson-Hughes

United States District Court, D. Minnesota

March 4, 2014

United States of America, Plaintiff,
v.
Corey Lee Nelson-Hughes, Defendant.

ORDER

JOAN N. ERICKSEN, District Judge.

This matter is before the Court on Defendant Corey Lee Nelson-Hughes's pro se "Motion for Order of Nunc Pro Tunc to Correct Sentence." Docket No. 477. On September 23, 2008, the Court sentenced Defendant to 200 months imprisonment for conspiracy to distribute and possession with intent to distribute methamphetamine in violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 841(b)(1)(A), and 846. Docket No. 310. With his motion, Defendant contends that the federal Bureau of Prisons ("BOP") failed to give him jail credit to which he is entitled for time spent in federal custody, awaiting sentencing by this Court. He requests an order to "correct the system malfunction in the record." Docket No. 477 at 4. The government opposes the motion.

Defendant's motion describes the history of his custody as follows: On April 27, 2007, he was arrested and taken to St. Louis County Jail, in Duluth, Minnesota for a state criminal offense. Following his federal indictment on October 10, 2007, he was moved to the federal facility at the Sherburne County Jail in Elk River, Minnesota on December 14, 2007. On April 3, 2009, he received a sentence of 60 months from a Minnesota state court to be served concurrently with his federal sentence. On July 13, 2009, he was transferred to Minnesota state custody and completed his state sentence on August 25, 2010. At that time he was transferred to federal custody. Defendant claims entitlement to credit against his federal sentence for the time he served from October 10, 2007 to September 23, 2008; April 3, 2009 through July 12, 2009; and August 26, 2010 through November 19, 2010.

The BOP began computation of his 200-month federal sentence on August 25, 2010, without credit for any time prior to that date. Docket No. 480-1 at 1. In response to Defendant's Request for Administrative Remedy in the context of the BOP's administrative remedy program, the warden, to whom such requests are directed, explained the BOP's computations. Id. The warden noted that at the time of Defendant's 60-month state sentence on April 3, 2009, Defendant received "credit for 708 days (4/27/07 - 4/3/09)" and he was transferred to federal custody on August 25, 2010. The warden explained that under 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b)[1] time spent in the service of another term of imprisonment could not be awarded to Defendant's federal sentence. Id.

DISCUSSION

"The function of a nunc pro tunc order is to correct clerical or ministerial errors, including typographical errors" in a court's records. United States v. Suarez-Perez, 484 F.3d 537, 541 (8th Cir. 2007). Defendant's motion does not point to such an error in the Court's record, but rather seeks to challenge the BOP's computation of his sentence. The Supreme Court has made clear that "[a]fter a district court sentences a federal offender, the Attorney General, through BOP, has the responsibility for administering the sentence, " including computing the time to be served after accounting for the credit for prior time in custody provided for by 18 U.S.C. § 3585. United States v. Wilson, 503 U.S. 329, 334-35 (1992). Administrative procedures exist within the BOP to review computations of credit, and once those "administrative remedies are exhausted, prisoners may then seek judicial review of any jail-time credit determination, by filing a habeas petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2241." United States v. Pardue, 363 F.3d 695, 699 (8th Cir. 2004) (quoting Rogers v. United States, 180 F.3d 349, 358 (1st Cir. 1999)). In the absence of exceptions that are inapplicable here, a § 2241 habeas corpus petition must be filed in the district in which the defendant is confined. See Rumsfeld v. Padilla, 542 U.S. 426, 434-47 (2004); Bell v. United States, 48 F.3d 1042, 1043-44 (8th Cir. 1995).

Even if the Court were to construe Defendant's motion as a § 2241 habeas petition, it would lack jurisdiction to consider Defendant's request, because Defendant is not confined in the District of Minnesota.[2] See Padilla, 542 U.S. at 434-47; United States v. Seelye, Crim. No. 07-377, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21357, at *3-8 (D. Minn. Feb. 19, 2014). While a transfer of a § 2241 petition might be possible under 28 U.S.C. § 1631, "if it is in the interest of justice, " the Court does not find such a transfer warranted, because Defendant does not contend, and has not shown, that he has exhausted his administrative remedies with the BOP.[3] See United States v. Chappel, 208 F.3d 1069, 1069-70 (8th Cir. 2000). The Court therefore denies Defendant's motion. The motion will be denied without prejudice so that Defendant can file a petition with the correct court, if appropriate and with an accounting for the requirement to exhaust his administrative remedies.

Based on the files, records, and proceedings herein, and for the reasons stated above, IT IS ORDERED THAT:

1. Defendant's Pro Se Motion for Order of Nunc Pro Tunc to Correct Sentence [Docket No. 477] is DENIED without prejudice.

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