United States District Court, D. Minnesota
March 27, 2014
JONATHAN KUJAK, Plaintiff,
THE STATE OF MINNESOTA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Defendant.
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
FRANKLIN L. NOEL, Magistrate Judge.
This case is before the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge on Plaintiff's application for leave to proceed in forma pauperis, ("IFP"). (Docket No. 3.) The matter has been referred to this Court for report and recommendation under 28 U.S.C. § 636 and Local Rule 72.1. For the reasons discussed below, it is recommended that Plaintiff's IFP application be denied, and that this action be dismissed.
An IFP application will be denied, and the action will be dismissed, when an IFP applicant has filed a complaint that fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii); Atkinson v. Bohn , 91 F.3d 1127, 1128 (8th Cir. 1996) (per curiam).
To state an actionable claim for relief, a complaint must allege a set of specific historical facts, which, if proven true, would entitle the complainant to some legal recourse against the named defendant(s), based on some cognizable legal theory. See Martin v. Aubuchon , 623 F.2d 1282, 1286 (8th Cir. 1980) (although federal courts must "view pro se pleadings liberally, such pleadings may not be merely conclusory: the complaint must allege facts, which if true, state a claim as a matter of law"). The facts supporting a plaintiff's claims must be clearly alleged. Federal courts are not required to "assume facts that are not alleged, just because an additional factual allegation would have formed a stronger complaint." Stone v. Harry , 364 F.3d 912, 915 (8th Cir. 2004).
In this case, most of Plaintiff's complaint is incomprehensible. As far as the Court can tell, Plaintiff is attempting to sue the Minnesota House of Representatives for failing to enact legislation that would legalize "medical marijuana." However, the complaint does not present a coherent description of the purported factual or legal grounds for this attempted lawsuit.
A complaint fails to state a cause of action if it does not allege "enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly , 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). Plaintiff's current complaint does not meet this standard. The Court finds that even with the liberal construction that is required in pro se cases, Plaintiff's complaint clearly fails to state a cause of action on which relief may be granted.
Because Plaintiff has failed to plead an actionable claim for relief, his IFP application must be denied, and this case must be summarily dismissed, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii). Having determined that this action must be summarily dismissed for failure to state a claim, the Court will further recommend that Plaintiff's anomalous collateral motion seeking some unspecified relief, (Docket No. 2), be summarily denied.
Finally, the Court notes that Plaintiff has filed several previous lawsuits in this District that have been summarily dismissed. In one of the last such cases, Kujak v. HTTP:/WWW.MNCIS.COM, Civil No. 13-786 (JNE/JJK), Magistrate Judge Jeffrey J. Keyes cautioned Plaintiff that if he filed another plainly inadequate complaint, his ability to file more actions might be restricted. That warning was repeated in a more recent Report and Recommendation filed by Magistrate Judge Tony N. Leung in Kujak v. See Disclosure, Civil No. 14-422 (ADM/TNL), (Report and Recommendation dated March 20, 2014, [Docket No. 6].) Plaintiff has now flouted that warning by filing yet another frivolous complaint. Therefore, this Court finds that it is now time to restrict Plaintiff's ability to file further actions in this District.
Pro se litigants do, of course, have a right of access to the courts. That right, however, does not ensure an unrestricted opportunity to file frivolous, malicious or abusive lawsuits. See In re Tyler , 839 F.2d 1290, 1292 (8th Cir. 1988) ("there is no constitutional right of access to the courts to prosecute an action that is frivolous or malicious'"), (quoting Phillips v. Carey , 638 F.2d 207, 208 (10th Cir.), cert. denied, 450 U.S. 985 (1981)). "Frivolous, bad faith claims consume a significant amount of judicial resources, diverting the time and energy of the judiciary away from processing good faith claims." Tyler , 839 F.2d at 1292. Such "excessive litigation" imposes "unnecessary burdens on, and the useless consumption of, court resources." Id . A federal court "has authority to control and manage matters pending before it, " and "may, in its discretion, place reasonable restrictions on any litigant who files non-meritorious actions for obviously malicious purposes and who generally abuses judicial process." Id. at 1292, 1293.
Given Plaintiff's record of filing baseless lawsuits, it is now necessary and appropriate to protect the District Court and its staff from any further abusive submissions by Plaintiff. Therefore, the Court recommends that the presiding District Court Judge in this case should enter an order that will restrict Plaintiff's ability to file further actions in this District. This Court believes that Plaintiff should not be allowed to file any more actions in this District, unless he is represented by counsel, or obtains pre-authorization from a judge or magistrate judge.
Based upon the foregoing and all of the files, records and proceedings herein,
IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that:
1. Plaintiff's application for leave to proceed in forma pauperis, (Docket No. 2), be DENIED;
2. Plaintiff's collateral motion seeking unspecified relief, (Docket No. 3), be DENIED; and
3. This action be summarily DISMISSED pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).