United States District Court, D. Minnesota
Yvonne M. Flaherty, Esq. and Lockridge, Grindal & Nauen, PLLP, 100 Washington Avenue South, Suite 2200, Minneapolis, MN 55401, counsel for plaintiffs.
James A. O'Neal, Esq. and Faegre Baker Daniels, LLP, 90 South Seventh Street, Suite 2200, Minneapolis, MN 55402 and Lucas J. Thompson, Esq. and Twin Cities Law Firm LLC, 2812 Anthony Lane South, Suite 200, Minneapolis, MN 55418, counsel for defendant.
DAVID S. DOTY, District Judge.
This matter is before the court upon the responses of the parties regarding possible transfer of this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). Based on a review of the file, record and proceedings herein, and for the following reasons, the court transfers this action to the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama.
This is one of thousands of product-liability actions filed in the District of Minnesota by plaintiffs who have no connection to Minnesota against defendants who have no connection to Minnesota regarding events that did not occur in Minnesota and that had no impact within Minnesota. The vast majority of these actions have been filed in this district because, if they were filed by the plaintiffs in their home states (or almost anywhere else), they would be dismissed under the applicable statutes of limitations.
This case is typical. Plaintiffs Jack Rainey and Thelma Rainey are citizens of Alabama. Compl. ¶¶ 2-3. Defendant Novartis Pharmaceuticals, Corporation (Novartis) is incorporated in Delaware and has a principal place of business in New Jersey. Id . ¶ 4.
On April 21, 2008, plaintiffs filed suit, alleging that Jack Rainey developed osteonecrosis of his jaw bone as a result of using Zometa, a drug manufactured by Novartis. Thelma Rainey also alleged a claim for loss of consortium. On June 2, 2008, pursuant to an order by the Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation, the case was transferred to the Middle District of Tennessee for pretrial proceedings. See ECF No. 5. The case was remanded to the District of Minnesota on May 7, 2014. See ECF No. 6. On May 8, 2014, the court ordered the parties to submit briefs discussing transfer of this action. The parties timely responded, and the court now considers transfer under § 1404(a).
Section 1404(a) provides that "[f]or the convenience of parties and witnesses, in the interest of justice, a district court may transfer any civil action to any other district or division where it might have been brought." 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). Deciding whether to order a transfer under § 1404(a) "require[s] a case-bycase evaluation of the particular circumstances at hand and a consideration of all relevant factors." Terra Int'l, Inc. v. Miss. Chem. Corp. , 119 F.3d 688, 691 (8th Cir. 1997) (citations omitted). The relevant factors generally fall into three categories: (1) the convenience of the parties; (2) the convenience of the witnesses; and (3) the interests of justice. Id . (citation omitted). There is, however, "no exhaustive list of specific factors to consider." Id.
I. Convenience of the Parties and Convenience of the Witnesses
In this action, no party is located in Minnesota, no relevant event occurred in Minnesota, no alleged injury was suffered in Minnesota and no evidence is present in Minnesota. Minnesota does not appear to be convenient for anyone including plaintiffs, who live in Alabama. Moreover, Rainey's prescribing and treating physicians are presumably in Alabama. See LeMond Cycling, Inc. v. Trek Bicycle Corp., No. 08-1010 , 2008 WL 2247084, at *3 (D. Minn. May 29, 2008) ("More importantly... the focus is on the inconvenience caused to nonparty witnesses...."). As a result, the first two factors favor transfer.
II. Interests of Justice
The interests of justice typically involve considerations of "(1) judicial economy, (2) the plaintiff's choice of forum, (3) the comparative costs to the parties of litigating in each forum, (4) each party's ability to enforce a judgment, (5) obstacles to a fair trial, (6) conflict of law[s] issues, and (7) the advantages of having a local court determine questions of local law." Terra Int'l, Inc. , 119 F.3d at 696 (citation omitted). Other than the plaintiff's choice of forum, all ...