United States District Court, D. Minnesota
August 22, 2014
JACK COLLINS, III, Plaintiff,
LINDAHL PROPERTIES, Defendant.
Jack Collins, III, pro se.
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
TONY N. LEUNG, Magistrate Judge.
This matter is before the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge on the application of Plaintiff Jack Collins, III, for leave to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP"). See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1). Because Collins's complaint fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted, this Court recommends that Collins's IFP application be denied and that this case be dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).
In reviewing whether a complaint states a claim on which relief may be granted, this Court must accept as true all of the factual allegations in the complaint and draw all reasonable inferences in the plaintiff's favor. Aten v. Scottsdale Ins. Co., 511 F.3d 818, 820 (8th Cir. 2008). Although the factual allegations in the complaint need not be detailed, they must be sufficient to "raise a right to relief above the speculative level...." Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). The complaint must "state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face." Id. at 570. In assessing the sufficiency of the complaint, the court may disregard legal conclusions that are couched as factual allegations. See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009). Pro se complaints are to be construed liberally, but they still must allege sufficient facts to support the claims advanced. See Stone v. Harry, 364 F.3d 912, 914 (8th Cir. 2004).
Collins does not provide much detail in his complaint, but it appears from the exhibit attached to his complaint that this case concerns a dispute over unpaid rent between Collins and his former landlord, Defendant Lindahl Properties. In his complaint, Collins seeks to bring claims against Lindahl Properties under the Eighth Amendment and various state-law provisions.
This Court has jurisdiction over this case under 28 U.S.C. § 1331, as Collins brings claims under the Eighth Amendment through 42 U.S.C. § 1983. But Lindahl Properties is a private party, not a governmental entity, and "[p]rivate parties are only liable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 when they have been jointly engaged with public officers in the denial of civil rights." Young v. Harrison, 284 F.3d 863, 870 (8th Cir. 2002) (per curiam). There is no allegation in the complaint or the exhibit attached to the complaint that Lindahl Properties acted in concert with any public officers in denying Collins's rights. As such, Collins's Eighth Amendment claim against Lindahl Properties must fail.
Collins does not allege that this Court has jurisdiction over this case based on diversity of jurisdiction. See 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). This is undoubtedly correct, as both Collins and Lindahl Properties appear to be citizens of Minnesota, and Collins seeks less than $75, 000 in damages. See Compl. at 2, 4 [ECF No. 1]. Accordingly, this Court has jurisdiction over the remaining state-law claims only if it exercises supplemental jurisdiction over those claims pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1367. The Eighth Circuit has made clear, however, that when all federal claims in a complaint have been dismissed before trial, the court should decline to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the remaining state-law claims. See Hervey v. Cnty. of Koochiching, 527 F.3d 711, 726-27 (8th Cir. 2008). This Court therefore recommends that supplemental jurisdiction not be exercised over the remaining state-law claims and that those claims be dismissed without prejudice for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction. Having determined that this action should be summarily dismissed for the reasons stated above, this Court will further recommend that Collins's application to proceed IFP be denied.
Based on the foregoing, and on all of the files, records, and proceedings herein, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that:
1. The application of Plaintiff Jack Collins, III, to proceed in forma pauperis [ECF No. 2] be DENIED.
2. The complaint [ECF No. 1] be SUMMARILY DISMISSED pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii).