United States District Court, D. Minnesota
Laura Provinzino, Assistant United States Attorney, for Plaintiff.
Paul Edlund for Defendant.
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
FRANKLIN L. NOEL, Magistrate Judge.
THIS MATTER came before the undersigned United States Magistrate Judge on August 13, 2014 on Defendant McHenry's motion to suppress the fruits of an unlawful search (ECF No. 23). At the hearing, the Government presented testimony from Roseville Police Officer John Jorgensen and offered Exhibit 1. Both parties submitted post-hearing briefs on the motion. See ECF Nos. 31 and 32. This matter was referred to the undersigned for a report and recommendation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636 and Local Rule 72.1. For the reasons set forth below, the Court recommends that McHenry's motion be DENIED.
I. FINDINGS OF FACT
At the pretrial motions hearing, Roseville Police Officer Jorgensen testified to events surrounding his entry into Room 114 of the Motel 6 located in Roseville, Minnesota and the subsequent arrest of McHenry. Officer Jorgensen stated that on March 12, 2014, Sergeant Grant Snyder of the Minneapolis Police Department requested assistance from the Roseville Police at the Roseville Motel 6. The Minneapolis Police Department and Homeland Security Investigations believed that a juvenile female was being trafficked for commercial sex based on an advertisement posted to backpage.com. Law enforcement tracked the telephone number listed in the backpage.com advertisement to the Roseville Motel 6.
Officer Jorgensen arrived at the Motel 6 shortly after 6 p.m. Where Sargent Snyder informed him that law enforcement suspected that an illegal trafficking victim was in Room 114. The officers established surveillance of the room, which was visible from the parking lot. An examination of hotel records revealed that Room 114 was rented to a sole individual, Jennifer VonHagen.
Shortly after speaking with Sergeant Snyder, Officer Jorgensen learned that a white female had exited Room 114. Officer Jorgensen approached the individual in the motel parking lot and requested to speak with her. The individual identified herself as Jennifer VonHagen and confirmed that she had booked Room 114 under her name. Officer Jorgensen told VonHagen that he and his colleagues were looking for a missing individual and requested that she identify the occupants of Room 114. VonHagen responded that a male by the nickname of "Avon" was currently in the room. Officer Jorgensen requested to "take a look in the room" and VonHagen stated something along the lines of "yes, that's totally fine." VonHagen then was instructed to wait with Sergeant Snyder, not far from the location of Room 114. While speaking with Sergeant Snyder, VonHagen revealed that the juvenile female depicted in the backpage.com advertisement was in Room 114. Ex.1. Sergeant Snyder relayed this information to Officer Jorgensen, and instructed him to arrest the male occupant of the room.
Officer Jorgensen approached Room 114 and knocked on the door. A male voice responded "come in." Officer Jorgensen opened the door without force and entered the room, followed by Roseville Police Officer Anderson and Special Agent Tonya Price of the Homeland Security Investigations division. Defendant McHenry was standing between two beds and Officer Jorgensen immediately placed McHenry under arrest without incident. Additional law enforcement officers located the juvenile female in the bathroom where she was showering. Officer Jorgensen removed McHenry from the room in order to separate McHenry from the juvenile female. Once outside, Officer Jorgensen performed a search of McHenry incident to arrest. Officer Jorgensen seized methamphetamine that was wrapped in a one dollar bill in McHenry's pocket and a prepaid gift card. Both McHenry and VonHagen were arrested for promotion of prostitution. Roseville police returned the juvenile female, identified as J.E., to her home.
Officer Jorgensen assisted in securing Room 114. The next day, on March 13, 2014, Sergeant Schmidt obtained a search warrant for Room 114, which was executed at 1:15 p.m. Ex.1. Law enforcement recovered a Samsung cell phone, condoms, mail labeled with VonHagen's name, a scale, an LG cell phone, handwritten notes, a notebook, a T-Mobile cell phone, an LG flip phone, a Kyocera phone, a prescription in the name of Alden Banks, two bags of garbage, and a red backpack.
II. CONCLUSIONS OF LAW
McHenry argues that all evidence seized from the hotel room and his person should be suppressed because it was acquired in violation of his Fourth Amendment rights. ECF No. 31. The Government argues that all items were lawfully seized and are admissible. ECF No. 32. The evidence seized pursuant to the search warrant is admissible, as is the evidence seized from Mr. McHenry, incident to his arrest.
A. Both Ms. VonHagen and Mr. McHenry Consented to Officer Jorgensen's Entry into Room 114
McHenry argues that Officer Jorgensen did not have consent to enter Room 114. ECF No. 31 at 6. The Government argues that consent was given both by Ms. ...