United States District Court, D. Minnesota
Kenneth H. Fukuda, Esq., Lorenz F. Fett, Jr., Esq., Sonia L. Miller-Van Oort, Esq., Jonathan A. Strauss, Esq. and Sapientia Law Group, PLLC, 12 South Sixth Street, Suite 1242, Minneapolis, MN 55402, counsel for plaintiff.
Andrea K. Naef, Esq., Kristin R. Sarff, Esq. and Minneapolis City Attorney's Office, 350 South Fifth Street, Room 210, Minneapolis, MN 55415 and Adam M. Niblick, Esq., St. Paul City Attorney's Office, 750 City Hall & Courthouse, 15 West Kellogg Boulevard, St. Paul, MN 55102, counsel for defendants.
DAVID S. DOTY, District Judge.
This matter is before the court upon the motion to dismiss or to sever by defendant City of St. Paul and the motion for judgment on the pleadings by defendant City of Minneapolis. Based on a review of the file, record, and proceedings herein, and for the following reasons, the court grants the motions for judgment on the pleadings and to dismiss and denies as moot the motion to sever.
This privacy dispute arises out of defendants' access of the motor vehicle record of plaintiff Brian Potocnik between 2003 and 2011. Compl. ¶ 2; id. Ex. A. Potocnik is a former Minneapolis police officer who resigned following a well-publicized internal investigation in 2006. Compl. ¶¶ 35, 91. This case is just one of many nearly identical cases filed in this district, six of which this court previously dismissed. See Potocnik v. Anoka Cnty., No. 13-1103, 2014 WL 683980 (D. Minn. Feb. 21, 2014); Bass v. Anoka Cnty., No. 13-860 , 2014 WL 683969 (D. Minn. Feb. 21, 2014); McDonough v. Al's Auto Sales, Inc., No. 13-1889 , 2014 WL 683998 (D. Minn. Feb. 21, 2014); Tichich v. City of Bloomington, No. 14-298, 2014 WL 3928530 (D. Minn. Aug. 12, 2014); Kendall v. Anoka Cnty., No. 14-247, 2014 WL 3955265 (D. Minn. Aug. 13, 2014); Nyhus v. City of Blaine, No. 13-2878, 2014 WL 4348239 (D. Minn. Sept. 2, 2014).
The Department of Public Safety (DPS) makes drivers' motor vehicle records available to law enforcement officers through a computerized Driver and Vehicle Services (DVS) database. Compl. ¶¶ 18-19. In 2013, Potocnik requested an audit of his DVS motor vehicle record from DPS. Id . ¶ 70. The audit shows that Potocnik's record had been accessed 316 times from facilities maintained by Minneapolis and St. Paul. Id . ¶ 2; id. Ex. A. The record included his address, photograph, date of birth, eye color, weight, height, medical information, and driver identification number. Compl. ¶¶ 19, 24-25. Potocnik alleges that there was no legitimate purpose for each access and that he never consented to allow defendants to obtain his record. Id . ¶¶ 4, 94, 154.
On April 21, 2014, Potocnik filed suit, alleging violations of the Driver's Privacy Protection Act (DPPA). St. Paul moves to dismiss or to sever and Minneapolis moves for judgment on the pleadings.
I. Standard of Review
To survive a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim, "a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Braden v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. , 588 F.3d 585, 594 (8th Cir. 2009) (quoting Ashcroft v. Iqbal , 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009)). "A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff [has pleaded] factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Iqbal , 556 U.S. at 678 (citing Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly , 550 U.S. 544, 556 (2007)). Although a complaint need not contain detailed factual allegations, it must raise a right to relief above the speculative level. Twombly , 550 U.S. at 555. "[L]abels and conclusions or a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action" are not sufficient to state a claim. Iqbal , 556 U.S. at 678 (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). The same standard of review applies to motions for judgment on the pleadings under Rule 12(c). Ashley Cnty., Ark. v. Pfizer, Inc. , 552 F.3d 659, 665 (8th Cir. 2009).
Potocnik asserts a claim against defendants for violations of the DPPA. The DPPA provides that "[i]t shall be unlawful for any person knowingly to obtain or disclose personal information, from a motor vehicle record, for any use not permitted under section 2721(b) of this title." 18 U.S.C. § 2722. Under the DPPA, any "person who knowingly obtains, discloses or uses personal information, from a motor vehicle record, for a purpose not permitted under this chapter shall be liable to the individual to whom the information pertains." Id . § 2724(a). Potocnik alleges that defendants either obtained or disclosed his information without a permitted purpose.
A. Statute of Limitations
Defendants first argue that most of the DPPA claims are time-barred. The court agrees, having previously held that the general four-year federal statute of limitations applies and that "a cause of action accrues when the wrong occurs and a party sustains injuries for which relief could be sought." Potocnik, 2014 WL 683980, at *2 (quoting Ridenour v. Boehringer Ingelheim Pharms., Inc. , 679 F.3d 1062, 1065 (8th Cir. 2012)). The court also determined that neither the discovery rule nor the doctrine of equitable tolling apply under these circumstances. Kendall, 2014 WL 3955265, at 2 & n.7. As a result, all ...