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United States v. Rodriguez-Rivera

United States District Court, District of Minnesota

March 18, 2015

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
CLAUDIA RODRIGUEZ-RIVERA, Defendant.

Claudia Rodriguez-Rivera, pro se.

ORDER

Patrick J. Schiltz, United States District Judge.

In 2007, defendant Claudia Rodriguez-Rivera pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine and was sentenced to 97 months of imprisonment and five years of supervised release. On direct review, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit dismissed Rodriguez-Rivera’s appeal due to the appeal waiver contained in her plea agreement. Since then, Rodriguez-Rivera has filed multiple pro se motions-including two motions for relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2255-all of which the Court has denied. Rodriguez-Rivera is about to be released from prison, but she is still filing pro se motions.

This matter is before the Court on Rodriguez-Rivera’s latest motion, in which she seeks a writ of audita querela. The common-law writ of audita querela was formerly available to judgment debtors seeking a rehearing on the basis of newly discovered evidence. United States v. Boal, 534 F.3d 965, 967 n.2 (8th Cir. 2008). Although it has been abolished in civil cases, some courts have held that it remains available in limited circumstances in criminal proceedings. For example, it may be available for a party who claims to be innocent on the basis of a new statutory interpretation and who has no other avenue of judicial review. See, e.g., United States v. Richter, 510 F.3d 103, 104 (2d Cir. 2007) (per curiam).

Rodriguez-Rivera, however, makes no such claim. Instead, she makes a variety of claims that have been available to her since she filed her direct appeal seven years ago, [1] such as that (1) she was poorly advised during the plea-agreement process and her guilty plea is therefore invalid; (2) the unpleasant conditions of her pretrial confinement rendered her plea involuntary; (3) there is an insufficient factual basis for her guilty plea; and (4) she should have been allowed to plead nolo contendere. Because of all of these errors, Rodriguez-Rivera argues, the Court should relieve her from the collateral consequences of her guilty plea-namely, her likely deportation.

All of Rodriguez-Rivera’s allegations of error, however, are cognizable under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, and none of them is based on new evidence or new law that was unavailable to Rodriguez-Rivera when she filed her direct appeal or when she filed her earlier post-conviction motions. Rodriguez-Rivera contends that a § 2255 motion and other forms of relief would be ineffective because they would only vacate her conviction but not relieve her of the consequences of her conviction. This argument makes no sense, and Rodriguez-Rivera cites no legal authority supporting it. A writ of audita querela is therefore not available to Rodriguez-Rivera as an avenue of relief. Cf. United States v. Feist, 346 F. App’x 127, 128 (8th Cir. 2009) (per curiam) (“A writ of audita querela is not available where other cognizable remedies exist . . . .”).

ORDER

Based on the foregoing, and on all of the files, records, and proceedings herein, defendant’s motion for a writ of audita querela [ECF No. 145] is DENIED.

LET JUDGMENT BE ENTERED ACCORDINGLY.


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