United States District Court, D. Minnesota
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
JEFFREY J. KEYES, Magistrate Judge.
This matter is before the Court, Magistrate Judge Jeffrey J. Keyes, on Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. (Doc. No. 1). The action has been referred to this Court for report and recommendation under 28 U.S.C. § 636 and Local Rule 72.1(a). Petitioner Kenneth Depontes ("Petitioner" or "Depontes") is a federal prisoner presently incarcerated at the Federal Correctional Institution at Sandstone, Minnesota. The prisoner seeks an order requiring the Bureau of Prisons ("BOP") to give him credit for time spent serving a state sentence prior to his sentencing on federal charges. On March 6, 2013, he was given a 80-month federal sentence, and three years supervised release, on a conviction in the Eastern District of Wisconsin for conspiracy to manufacture gamma hydroxybutyric acid (GHB). Based upon the 80-month sentence, along with credit for his anticipated successful completion of the BOP Residential Drug Abuse Program ("RDAP"), his projected release date is December 26, 2017. The Respondent opposes the petition, asserting that Depontes's sentence has been lawfully calculated and that he is seeking federal credit for pre-sentence time spent in state custody for which he is not entitled to receive a double credit under federal law.
The government expressly acknowledged that the warden is the correctly named respondent in this action; the court has jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 because the Petitioner is challenging the fact or duration of his detention; Petitioner has exhausted administrative remedies; and venue is appropriate because FCI-Sandstone is located in the District of Minnesota. The Petitioner submitted a reply to the Respondent's return.
Background and Claims
Petitioner Kenneth Depontes was on extended supervision by the State of Wisconsin when a warrant to search his residence in West Allis, Wisconsin was executed on December 7, 2011. Drugs and drug manufacturing paraphernalia were seized pursuant to the warrant, but the Petitioner was not arrested at that time. (Decl. of Patricia Kitka, ¶¶ 3 and 4.) Depontes was later arrested and detained by state authorities on December 19, 2011 for extended supervision release violation. ( Id., ¶ 5, Ex. A.) He was indicted on federal drug charges on January 10, 2012, but he remained in state custody except for one day, January 27, 2012, on which he was produced in federal court pursuant to a Writ of Habeas Corpus Ad Prosequendum. ( Id., ¶¶ 6 and 7, Ex. C.) Depontes's state supervised release was revoked on May 14, 2012, and he was required to serve the remainder of his Wisconsin state sentence. He was given credit on the state sentence for time served since December 20, 2011, establishing a projected release date of January 9, 2014, on the state sentence. ( Id., ¶ 8, Ex. D.)
Petitioner was again produced in federal court on a Writ of Habeas Corpus Ad Prosequendum on July 26, 2012, and was returned to state custody on August 1, 2012. ( Id., ¶ 9, Ex. E.) On March 4, 2013, he was brought to federal court on yet another writ, and on March 6, 2013 Depontes was sentenced to an 80-month term pursuant to a plea of guilty in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin. The court expressly ordered that the sentence was "to run concurrent with the balance of the state sentence the defendant is currently serving in Milwaukee County Circuit Court Case #02CF1344." ( Id., ¶¶ 10 and 11, Ex. G, Judgment in a Criminal Case.)
Petitioner was returned to state custody on March 7, 2013, subject to a federal detainer. ( Id., ¶ 12, Ex. H.) He was paroled on the Wisconsin state sentence on January 7, 2014, at which time he was taken into federal custody by the U.S. Marshals Service to serve his federal sentence. ( Id., ¶ 13, Ex. I and J.) In its calculation of time to be credited to the federal sentence under Program Statement 5880.28 and 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b), the BOP determined that the Petitioner was entitled to credit for one day of prior custody, December 19, 2011, because he had not received credit on his state sentence. ( Id., ¶ 18, Ex. L.) He was denied credit on his federal sentence from the time between December 20, 2011, through March 5, 2013, because that time had been credited to the state sentence. ( Id., ¶ 13, Ex. I and J.)
It is Petitioner's sole claim in his Petition that he is entitled to additional credit on his federal sentence for the 14 months and 18 days from December 20, 2011, through March 5, 2013, based on the federal sentencing court's order that his federal sentence was to run concurrent with the Wisconsin state sentence he was already serving and receiving state credit as of December 20, 2011. The government asserts that the petitioner is not entitled to federal credit for any time prior to his federal sentencing, apart from the one day that has already been allowed, because under 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b) he is not entitled to credit for time prior to his federal sentencing which was applied to his state sentence. Respondent also affirmatively argues that sentencing credit allowances under Kayfez v. Gasele, 993 F.2d 1288 (7th Cir. 1993) or Willis v. United States, 438 F.2d 923 (5th Cir. 1971) are not implicated in this case because Depontes is claiming credit for time served on a state sentence rather than prior federal presentence custody credits. In his reply brief the Petitioner does not assert that Kayfez or Willis have any application in this case, but he contends that he should be granted relief by this Court by way of nunc pro tunc designation, based on the ruling in Barden v. Keohane, 921 F.2d 476 (3rd Cir. 1990) (holding that the BOP has discretion to grant concurrent sentence credit by nunc pro tunc designation where the federal sentencing court was silent on whether a federal sentence was being served while the prisoner was incarcerated in a state facility).
Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b), a federal defendant is not entitled to credit for detention time that has been credited to another sentence. Consequently, a defendant cannot be awarded double sentencing credit for the same time period. United States v. Kramer, 12 F.3d 130, 132 (8th Cir. 1993); Singleton v. Hollingsworth, 2006 WL 2067761 (D. Minn., July 24, 2006) (citing United States v. Wilson, 503 U.S. 329, 337 (1992)). Here, Depontes was transferred to federal custody on January 7, 2014, pursuant to a federal detainer after being placed on parole on a state sentencing. He makes no assertion that he was not given credit on both state and federal sentences from the date of federal sentencing, March 6, 2013, until he was paroled on the state sentence and placed into primary federal custody on January 7, 2014. The federal sentencing judge can order that the prisoner be awarded credit on a federal sentence for time served on a state sentence when the two sentences are served at the same time and the federal sentencing judge has ordered that the two sentences run concurrently. Singleton v. Hollingsworth, 2006 WL 2067761 at *1 However, the court cannot contravene the statutory directives of 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b) as assigned to the BOP and therefore cannot order that the defendant receive credit toward his federal sentence for time already served on the state sentence. Id. at *5.
In the initial request for informal resolution seeking administrative remedy on his sentencing computation claim (Pet., Attach. at 1), Petitioner asserted that the federal sentencing judge ordered that the federal sentence be served concurrent with the state sentence, and he should therefore be given credit for an additional 14 months and 18 days which were served prior to the federal sentencing date, commencing December 20, 2011. The request was denied because credit had already been applied to the state sentence. ( Id. ) A subsequent formal request for administrative remedy at the institution level stated the claim in essentially the same way ( Id., Attach. at 2.), and was denied for the same reason. ( Id., Attach. at 3.) Petitioner again stated the same claim in his Regional Administrative Remedy Appeal. ( Id., Attach. at 4.) The Regional Office also denied the appeal, but identified the requested relief as a claim for nunc pro tunc designation pursuant to Barden v. Keohane, 921 F.2d 476 (3rd Cir. 1990). ( Id., Attach. at 5.) Finally, the same appeal claim was presented in a Central Office Administrative Remedy Appeal ( Id., Attach. at 6.) The Central Office denied the appeal with the comment that Depontes had received a nunc pro tunc designation commencing with the day the federal sentence was imposed, March 6, 2013. ( Id., Attach. at 7.)
Petitioner has reiterated his same claim in the initial habeas petition (Doc. No. 1), but he now makes the additional assertion that he should be granted concurrent sentencing by way of nunc pro tunc designation based on Barden v. Keohane, 921 F.2d 476. (Reply at 3-4.) In Keohane the court stated that the BOP has the authority to make a nunc pro tunc, i.e., "now for then, " designation, and has an obligation to review such a request, though the manner in which the authority is exercised is discretionary. Barden v. Keohane, 921 F.2d at 478. Petitioner argues that the BOP has not considered appropriate factors in the exercise of such discretion, such as the nature of the crime, the prisoner's conduct in custody, and BOP practice in deciding whether a prisoner should be granted relief from strict enforcement of a sentence. Id.
Petitioner's latest contention regarding the application of a nunc pro tunc designation pursuant to Barden v. Keohane is entirely inapplicable in this case. Depontes was correctly advised in the Central Office response to his administrative appeal that he had received a nunc pro tunc designation which allowed the commencement of his federal sentence on March 6, 2014, even though he was still incarcerated in a state facility pursuant to a prior state sentence. Such designation was entirely appropriate because the federal court ordered that the federal sentence be served concurrent to the balance of the state sentence. Petitioner does not dispute that portion of the concurrent sentences, but contends that the BOP must consider whether the federal sentence can extend back to the date on which he was detained by the State of Wisconsin.
The time span for which Petitioner seeks additional concurrent sentence credit is state sentence time which is not subject to the decision in Barden v. Keohane or any other case referenced by the Petitioner. Under the plain language of 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b) the Petitioner is not entitled to credit for any time during which he was detained prior to the date on which the federal sentence was imposed. Singleton v. Hollingsworth, 2006 WL 2067761 at *4. Allowance of additional concurrent sentencing as requested by Petitioner would constitute double credit for detention time that is prohibited under 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b). Id. (citing United States v. Wilson, 503 U.S. 329, 337 and United States v. Keifer, 20 F.3d 874, 875-76 (8th Cir. 1994)). As previously stated, the federal sentencing judge can order that the prisoner be awarded credit on a federal sentence for time served on a state sentence when the two sentences are served at the same time and the federal sentencing judge has ordered that the two sentences run concurrently. Id. at *1. But, the court cannot contravene the statutory directives of 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b) as assigned to the BOP and therefore cannot order that the defendant receive credit toward his federal sentence for time already served on the Wisconsin state sentence. Id. at *5. Furthermore, Petitioner's ...