United States District Court, D. Minnesota
Brandon M. Schwartz and Michael D. Schwartz, SCHWARTZ LAW FIRM, for plaintiff.
Neil S. Goldsmith and George R. Wood, LITTLER MENDELSON, P.C., for defendant.
PATRICK J. SCHILTZ, District Judge.
Plaintiff Carla Tooley brings a claim of employment discrimination against defendant Flint Hills Resources, L.P. ("Flint Hills") under the Minnesota Human Rights Act, Minn. Stat. § 363A.01 et seq. Because the statutory basis of Tooley's claim was not initially clear, Flint Hills removed this action alleging both federal-question and diversity jurisdiction. ECF No. 1. When it became clear that Tooley's claim arose only under state law, see ECF No. 44 at 5 n.1, the Court entered an order noting the defects in the parties' jurisdictional allegations and ordering the parties to file affidavits that properly establish their citizenship. ECF No. 49; see also Reece v. Bank of N.Y. Mellon, 760 F.3d 771, 774 n.1 (8th Cir. 2014) ("We deem it to be fully established that it is the duty of the District Courts to assure themselves of the federal jurisdiction in every case before them...." (citation and quotations omitted)); Sanders v. Clemco Indus., 823 F.2d 214, 216 (8th Cir. 1987) ("The threshold requirement in every federal case is jurisdiction and we have admonished the district court to be attentive to a satisfaction of jurisdictional requirements in all cases."). The Court warned the parties that, if they failed to file affidavits that properly established their citizenship, the case would be remanded to state court.
Flint Hills' affidavit does not properly establish its citizenship. As the Court explained in its earlier order, the citizenship of a limited partnership is the citizenship of each of its partners, both general and limited. Carden v. Arkoma Assocs., 494 U.S. 185, 195 (1990). Flint Hills' two partners are both limited-liability companies. ECF No. 51. Flint Hills avers that the LLCs are both organized under Delaware law and have their principal places of business in Kansas. Id.
Like a partnership, however, the citizenship of an LLC is the citizenship of each of its members. E3 Biofuels, LLC v. Biothane, LLC, 781 F.3d 972, 975 (8th Cir. 2015). In order to properly establish its citizenship, then, Flint Hills had to identify and establish the citizenship of the members of its constituent LLCs. See Hicklin Eng'g, L.C. v. Bartell, 439 F.3d 346, 347-48 (7th Cir. 2006) ("The citizenship of a limited liability company is that of its members, and its members may include partnerships, corporations, and other entities that have multiple citizenships. A federal court thus needs to know each member's citizenship, and if necessary each member's members' citizenships." (citations omitted)); Unitherm Food Sys., Inc. v. Hormel Foods Corp., No. 14-4034, 2015 WL 412875, at *2 (D. Minn. Jan. 30, 2015) ("[B]ecause a member of a limited liability company may itself have multiple membersand thus may itself have multiple citizenshipsthe federal court needs to know the citizenship of each sub-member' as well." (citation and quotations omitted)).
Flint Hills did not identify and establish the citizenship of its constituent LLCs. Instead, as noted, it only identified the states in which the LLCs were formed and in which they principally conduct business. This is insufficient to establish Flint Hills' citizenship. Because the parties have failed to establish that there is diversity jurisdiction in this case, the Court remands it to state court for lack of jurisdiction. See 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c) ("If at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded.").
Based on the foregoing, and on all of the files, records, and proceedings herein, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT:
1. This matter is REMANDED to the Minnesota District Court, First ...