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United States v. Evans

United States District Court, D. Minnesota

July 23, 2015

United States of America, Plaintiff,
v.
Jeffrey Scott Evans, Defendant.

Kevin S. Ueland, Assistant United States Attorneys, 300 South Fourth Street, Room 600, Minneapolis, MN 55415, counsel for Plaintiff.

Frederick J. Goetz, Goetz & Eckland, 43 Main Street SE, #505, Minneapolis, MN 55414, counsel for Defendant.

ORDER OVERRULING DEFENDANT'S OBJECTION TO DETENTION ORDER

SUSAN RICHARD NELSON, District Judge.

I. INTRODUCTION

This matter was before the Court on July 21, 2015, for a hearing on Defendant's Objection to the Order of Detention [Doc. No. 8]. The defendant was present and represented by Frederic J. Goetz. The government was represented by Kevin S. Ueland, Assistant United States Attorney. On June 26, 2015, a preliminary hearing and a hearing on the government's motion for detention was held before Magistrate Judge Jeffrey J. Keyes. Special Agent Katherine Wespetal testified at the hearing. After hearing testimony and considering the parties' arguments, Magistrate Judge Keyes ordered the defendant detained pending trial. Magistrate Judge Keyes issued a written detention order on June 29, 2015. [Doc. No. 7]. On July 2, 2015, the defendant filed his Objection to the Order of Detention. For the reasons stated below, the Court overrules the defendant's objections and orders that the defendant remain in custody pending trial.

II. DISCUSSION[1]

On June 12, 2015, an agent with Homeland Security Investigations conducted an undercover investigation at the website chathour.com. This website is a social website where individuals create profiles, post pictures and other content, and can communicate with other users through messages or in chat rooms. The undercover officer was using an account that had a username that suggested that the user was interested in older men. The defendant was using the username, "taboolooking, " and sent the undercover a message that said, "hello how r u today." The undercover replied, "good. Asl? 13f here." ASL is shorthand for "age, sex, location" and "13f" was intended to convey that the undercover was a 13 year-old female. The defendant told the undercover that he was a 44 year-old male who lived in Tennessee. Thereafter, the defendant quickly turned the conversation toward a possible sexual rendezvous. The defendant told the undercover officer, "I'm very good with my hands and mouth." The defendant also supplied the undercover officer with the e-mail address scottevans90@yahoo.com so that they could exchange messages.

Later that same day, the defendant sent an e-mail from the scottevans90@yahoo.com account that contained a confirmation for a booking at the Northwood Inn & Suites in Bloomington, Minnesota, stating that he would be checking in on Monday, June 22, 2015. Approximately one hour later, the defendant sent another e-mail from the scottevans90 account that said, "I want to have sex with u I want to use my hands and mouth on your body." Over the next several days, the defendant continued to send the undercover e-mail from the scottevans90 account. These e-mails discussed the upcoming trip to Minnesota, and the defendant's desire to have sex with the undercover. The defendant was very graphic in describing his intentions. For example on June 13, 2015, he wrote, "I'm going to play with ur pussy and rub ur clit, really going to get between ur legs and lick ur clot (sic) with my tongue, stuck my tongue in your pussy tongue fuck u make u cum n my mouth." The defendant also sent the undercover photos of various sex toys and lingerie that he purchased for her. Several times during the time the defendant and undercover were exchanging messages, the conversation focused on the undercover's age. The defendant repeatedly reassured the undercover that the fact that the undercover was 13 years-old was not a problem, and said that it was a "turn-on" for him.

In addition to sending the undercover pictures of the sex toys that he had purchased for her, on June 17, the defendant sent the undercover a picture of his erect penis with the message, "Hey babe this belongs to only u." The next day, the defendant sent the undercover another picture of his erect penis with the message, "Hope u like." On June 19, 2015, the defendant told the undercover that he was planning on bringing his digital camera with him.

The day before the defendant left Tennessee for Minnesota, he sent the undercover a message that he was going to bring illegal drugs with him. The undercover officer encouraged the defendant to send updates with his location so that "she" could see the defendant's progress. The defendant agreed, and in fact, throughout the day on June 22, 2015, the defendant did send the undercover updates with his current location.

The defendant arrived at the Northwood Inn & Suites on June 22, 2015, at approximately 5:25 pm. The defendant sent the undercover a message indicating that he wanted to get the hotel room ready. The undercover sent the defendant a message saying that he should pick her up at a nearby retail store. When the defendant left his hotel room, law enforcement officers who had been conducting surveillance at the Northwood Inn & Suites arrested him. A search warrant was executed on the defendant's room and vehicle. In the room, law enforcement found that the defendant had lit numerous candles and had laid out the lingerie and sex toys that he had purchased. Law enforcement also found marijuana, prescription pills, and a small amount of crack cocaine. In the defendant's vehicle, law enforcement found a loaded.38 caliber pistol. The defendant was interviewed by law enforcement and admitted that he had traveled from Tennessee to Minnesota with the intent to engage in illicit sexual conduct with what he believed was a 13 year-old girl.

A. Legal Standards

This Court reviews de novo the factual findings and legal conclusions contained in Magistrate Judge Keyes' detention order. United States v. Maull, 773 F.2d 1479, 1484 (8th Cir. 1985). Under 18 U.S.C. §§ 3142(e) and (f), pretrial detention may be ordered either upon a clear and convincing showing that release will result in a danger to the community or upon a showing by a preponderance of the evidence that release will result in a serious risk of flight. United States v. Abad, 350 F.3d 793, 797 (8th Cir. 2003); United States v. Sazenski, 806 F.2d 846, 848 (8th Cir. 1986). Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3142(e)(3)(E), there is a presumption in favor of detention because the offense involves a minor victim. Thus, the defendant "bears a limited ...


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