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Loeffler v. City of Anoka

United States District Court, D. Minnesota

January 12, 2017

Jeannie Marie Loeffler, Plaintiff,
City of Anoka, et al., Defendants.

          Jonathan A. Strauss, Sapientia Law Group, PLLC, (for Plaintiff)

          Nathan N. LaCoursiere, Duluth City Attorney's Office, (for Defendant Rebecca Kopp).


          Michael J. Davis United States District Court

         The above-entitled matter came before the Court upon the Report and Recommendation of the United States Magistrate Judge Tony N. Leung dated October 25, 2016. Plaintiff has objected to the Magistrate Judge's recommendation that Defendant Rebecca Kopp's motion to dismiss be granted.

         Pursuant to statute, the Court has conducted a de novo review of the record. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Local Rule 72.2(b). Based on the Court's de novo review the Court will adopt the Report and Recommendation.

         Plaintiff has cited no controlling authority to support her position that waiting to name Rebecca Kopp as a defendant due to inadequate knowledge is a “mistake” as contemplated in Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(c)(1)(C)(ii) (allowing an amendment to relate back if the defendant “knew or should have known that the action would have been brought against it, but for a mistake concerning the proper party's identity). The decision of the United States Supreme Court in Krupski v. Costa Crociere S.P.A. addresses “mistake” as used in Rule 15 (c) as “[a]n error, misconception, or misunderstanding; an erroneous belief.” 560 U.S. 538, 548 (2010). Here, Plaintiff chose to sue an “unnamed Duluth officer” not because of an error, misconception or misunderstanding. She did so because at the time she filed suit, she did not have confirmation that Rebecca Kopp was the Duluth officer that accessed her private data.

         The Eighth Circuit has recognized that an amended complaint identifying a defendant by name “ordinarily will not be treated as relating back to the prior pleading, unless certain conditions set forth in Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(c) are satisfied.” Foulk v. Charrier, 262 F.3d 687, 696 (8th Cir. 2001) (citing Barrow v. Wethersfield, 66 F.3d 466, 467 (2d Cir. 1995) in which the court found that John Doe pleadings cannot be used to circumvent statutes of limitations)). And as the Magistrate Judge noted, many recent decisions from this District have held that when a plaintiff substitutes a Doe defendant for a named defendant, the amendment does not relate back under Rule 15(c)(1)(C)(ii). (Report and Recommendation at 8-9.)[1]

         This Court also agrees with the conclusion of the Magistrate Judge that equitable tolling of the statute of limitations is not warranted in this case. The doctrine of equitable tolling “permits a plaintiff to sue after the statutory time period has expired if [s]he has been prevented from doing so due to inequitable circumstances.” Firstcom, Inc. v. Qwest Corp., 555 F.3d 669, 675 (8th Cir. 2009). “But equitable tolling offers ‘an exceedingly narrow window of relief' and courts ‘rarely invoke doctrines such as equitable tolling to alleviate a plaintiff from a loss of his right to assert a claim.'” Kost v. Hunt, 983 F.Supp.2d 1121, 1130 (D. Minn. 2013) (citing Firstcom, 555 F.3d at 675).

         This matter was filed on July 30, 2013, and the statute of limitations ran on Plaintiff's claims against Rebecca Kopp on September 19, 21 and 30, 2013 and June 1, 2014 - four years from the dates she accessed Plaintiff's driver's license information. Shortly after commencing this action, numerous motions to dismiss were filed by the named defendants, including a motion by the City of Duluth, Rebecca Kopp's employer. By Order dated September 9, 2014, the City of Duluth's motion was granted, yet Plaintiff did not file a motion for discovery relative to whether Rebecca Kopp accessed her driver's license data until November 6, 2015. Once the motion for discovery was granted, Plaintiff did not file a motion to amend her complaint until two months later. Under these circumstances, the Court finds that Plaintiff was not diligent in pursuing her rights with respect to asserting a claim against Rebecca Kopp. In addition, Plaintiff points to no evidence by which to conclude that the City of Duluth or Rebecca Kopp engaged in inequitable conduct that prevented Plaintiff from filing a timely claim against Kopp. Accordingly, the Court finds that Plaintiff's claims against Kopp are time-barred.

         IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that:

         1. Defendant Rebecca Kopp's Motion to Dismiss Pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6), (ECF No. 156) is GRANTED.



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