United States District Court, D. Minnesota
JENNIFER ROTH, on behalf of herself and others similarly situated, Plaintiff,
LIFE TIME FITNESS, INC., LTF CLUB OPERATIONS COMPANY, INC., LTF MANAGEMENT COMPANY, LLC, and LTF YOGA COMPANY, LLC, Defendants.
R. Karon, KARON LLC, and Garrett D. Blanchfield, Jr.,
REINHARDTS WENDORF & BLANCHFIELD, for plaintiff.
Dale Owens, JACKSON LEWIS LLP and Elizabeth S. Gerling,
JACKSON LEWIS P.C. for defendants.
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
R. TUNHEIM Chief Judge United States District Court
Jennifer Roth brings individual and class unjust enrichment
claims against Life Time Fitness, Inc., LTF Club Operations
Company, Inc., LTF Club Management Company, LLC, and LTF Yoga
Company, LLC, (collectively, “Life Time”). Roth
seeks to represent a class of Life Time spinning, aerobics,
and yoga instructors seeking relief from Life Time for time
spent preparing for and cleaning up after fitness classes.
refiled this action after the Court dismissed her claims
without prejudice, finding that she failed to state a claim
by not pleading whether she had an employment contract with
Life Time. Life Time again moves to dismiss Roth's
claims, arguing that she still fails to plead facts
supporting an unjust enrichment claim and that her claim is
barred because she has an adequate remedy at law. Life Time
moves, in the alternative, to certify to the Minnesota
Supreme Court the question of whether an adequate remedy at
law bars an unjust enrichment claim under Minnesota law.
both parties agree that an adequate remedy at law would bar
an unjust enrichment claim, the Court will deny Life
Time's motion to certify the question to the Minnesota
Supreme Court. However, because the Court finds Roth has
sufficiently pleaded an unjust enrichment claim and it is
unclear if Roth has an adequate remedy at law, the Court will
deny Life Time's motion to dismiss.
worked as a group fitness instructor at a Life Time Fitness
facility in Beachwood, Ohio. (Compl. ¶ 12, July 20,
2016, Docket No. 1.) Roth alleges that she and the other
instructors “performed labor for Defendants in exchange
for hourly wages.” (Id. ¶ 13.) Roth
alleges that her “job as group fitness instructor
required her to perform work that preceded and followed each
of her spinning classes.” (Id. ¶ 14.)
This included “unpaid and required pre- and post- class
work, ” including preparing the room for class,
cleaning the room after class, and participating in various
Life Time events. (Id. ¶ 19.) Roth alleges that
Life Time only paid group instructors for actual class time,
and that therefore, Lifetime “underpaid - indeed,
refused to pay - [Roth] and class members for actual time
worked.” (Id. ¶ 20.)
Group Fitness Instructor Manual (the “Manual”)
reflects this requirement.
Manual discusses pre-class activities:
Every Class, Every Time- You are expected to
be in the studio, ready to teach, 15 minutes before your
class with music playing. A 15-minute transition time
between classes exists for you to connect with the members
and set the stage and environment for your class.
(Id., Ex. A at 7.) And the Manual discusses
The studio is your home and every day is “Open
House”. You are responsible for leaving the studio in a
condition of which you can be proud. All Life Time Fitness
Team Members participate in the upkeep and presentation of
our workplace; this includes the Group Fitness Team. Your
department head will show you a cleaning checklist that may
include re-stacking mats and weights, gathering towels, etc;