United States District Court, D. Minnesota
Zorislav R. Leyderman for plaintiff.
R. Brosnahan, DAKOTA COUNTY ATTORNEY'S OFFICE, for
Patrick J. Schiltz United States District Judge
Antoine Goodman brings constitutional and state-law claims
against defendants Dakota County and two Dakota County
correctional officers arising out of a death threat allegedly
made to him by one of the officers. Defendants move to
dismiss. For the reasons that follow, defendants' motion
alleges the following in his amended complaint: In August
2017, Goodman was detained at the Dakota County Jail. Am.
Compl. ¶ 7. On the morning of August 15, 2017, Goodman
was leaving his unit to attend class. Am. Compl. ¶ 8.
Because he had forgotten to sign up for the class, Goodman
asked defendant Officer Simpson to add his name to the
roster. Am. Compl. ¶ 8. Simpson responded,
“Don't let it happen again or you will be shot
repeatedly until I kill you.” Am. Compl. ¶ 8.
for his life, Goodman immediately filed a grievance about
Simpson's threat. Am. Compl. ¶¶ 8-9. A couple
of days later, Goodman spoke to defendant Sergeant Peterson
about his grievance. Am. Compl. ¶ 10. Goodman told
Peterson that he feared for his life and was uncomfortable
around Simpson. Am. Compl. ¶ 10. Goodman requested
protection from Simpson and asked that he not have any
further contact with Simpson due to the emotional trauma such
contact would cause. Am. Compl. ¶ 10. Peterson told
Goodman that Simpson would still be working at the jail, but
that Peterson would speak to the administration about the
incident. Am. Compl. ¶ 10.
afternoon, as Goodman was returning from class, he saw
Simpson pat- searching inmates. Am. Compl. ¶ 11. Goodman
feared for his life and asked Simpson if a different officer
could conduct his pat-search; Simpson told Goodman that no
other officers were available and ordered him to submit to a
search. Am. Compl. ¶ 11. Throughout the search, Goodman
feared for his life and suffered severe emotional and
psychological trauma. Am. Compl. ¶ 11. Goodman began
having nightmares about being killed and sought help from the
health-services unit. Am. Compl. ¶ 12. Goodman also
became chronically stressed, paranoid, afraid for his life,
and suicidal. Am. Compl. ¶ 12. Goodman requested records
pertaining to Simpson's threat and its aftermath, but
Dakota County refused his requests. Am. Compl. ¶¶
now brings claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and state law
based on Simpson's threat, Peterson's failure to
protect him from Simpson, and Dakota County's failure to
turn over his records.
Standard of Review
reviewing a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim
under Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6), a court must accept as true all
of the factual allegations in the complaint and draw all
reasonable inferences in the plaintiff's favor. Aten
v. Scottsdale Ins. Co., 511 F.3d 818, 820 (8th Cir.
2008). Although the factual allegations need not be detailed,
they must be sufficient to “raise a right to relief
above the speculative level . . . .” Bell Atl.
Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). The
complaint must “state a claim to relief that is
plausible on its face.” Id. at 570.